Hot and Cold Temperatures: Students learn that materials are sometimes changed by heating or cooling and that by observing such changes, they can infer how hot or cold an object is. They learn that thermometers provide a helpful way to measure and describe the hotness or coldness of things—a more reliable way than provided by their own senses. Students observe that temperatures can go up and down, including the temperature of their surroundings and the temperatures of particular objects within it. They also learn about methods that are used to control temperature in buildings and how insulation is used to keep things hot or cold.
2-9-6Identify ways in which the temperature in homes and buildings can be adjusted; e.g., by turning a thermostat up or down, by opening or closing windows, by using a space heater in a cold room